19 Dic New TEMPER working Papers available
The following Working Papers are now available on our «Publications» section:
Working Paper 10: Report on Economic Contributions of Migrants Upon Return
by AUDREY LENOËL, CRIS BEAUCHEMIN, MARCELA CERRUTTI, ALEXANDRA DELIU, TETIANA HNATYUK, ALICIA MAGUID, IRYNA MAIDANIK, MĂDĂLINA MANEA, OLEXIY POZNIAK AND ADRIEN VANDENBUNDER
Abstract: Based on data from the TEMPER surveys conducted in 2017-2018 in Argentina, Romania, Senegal and Ukraine, this report provides descriptive analyses of a series of outcomes referring to the economic contributions of return migrants, compared to non-migrants in the four countries. It presents successively results about the respondents’ remitting behaviour during last migration, the appraisal of their household financial situation at the time of survey (and at the time of return for migrants), the different types of investments (businesses, lands and real estate properties) realised by both returnees and non-migrants, and the activity status of the respondents’ partners at different time points.
Working Paper 11: Report on the Economic Integration of Return Migrants
by OGNJEN OBUĆINA, CRIS BEAUCHEMIN, MARCELA CERRUTTI, ALEXANDRA DELIU, OLEKSII HAVRYLIUK, AUDREY LENOËL, ALICIA MAGUID, IRYNA MAIDANIK, MĂDĂLINA MANEA, OLEXIY POZNIAK, MONICA ŞERBAN VIKTOR TELESHMAN, PAULA TUFIŞ AND ADRIEN VANDENBUNDER
Abstract: Our analysis shows that, looking at our four countries, the patterns of reintegration are very complex, varying not only across countries of origin, but also across migration corridors within the same country of origin. However, there are also some consistent findings. For instance, we find in all the four countries that the average job-skill level among returnees improves after return from Europe. The differences between return migrants and non-migrants in terms of employment range from trivial to modest. When analyzing employees, we can conclude that labor market outcomes are almost the same for returnees and non-migrants in Argentina, better for returnees in Senegal, and slightly more favorable for non-migrants in Romania and Ukraine. Returnees in Senegal are the only group in the TEMPER survey for which we can observe a relatively high propensity to engage in entrepreneurship following the return. The employment rate is higher among male returnees, but the concentration of high skilled jobs is higher among women.
by AUDREY LENOËL, MARCELA CERRUTTI, ALIN CROITORU, TETIANA HNATYUK ALICIA MAGUID, MĂDĂLINA MANEA,IRYNA MAIDANIK, OLEXIY POZNIAK, MONICA ŞERBAN AND ADRIEN VANDENBUNDER
Abstract: Based on data from the TEMPER surveys conducted in 2017-2018 in Argentina, Romania, Senegal and Ukraine, this report provides descriptive analyses of a series of outcomes referring to the non-economic effects of migration and return. It presents results comparing return migrants to non-migrants with respect to satisfaction with life and (further) migratory plans, perception of opportunities, quality of services and corruption in the country of origin and in Europe, attitudes about migration and return. It also provides results for returnees only, regarding their sense of belonging to their country of origin and last country of destination, and their subjective appraisal of the effect of their return on their family life and ability to address schooling and health needs of their kin.
Working Paper 13: Comparative Report on the Impacts of Circular and Non-Circular Migration
by CRIS BEAUCHEMIN, AUDREY LENOËL, OGNJEN OBUĆINA AND ADRIEN VANDENBUNDER
Abstract: The aim of this report is to present a comparative view on the possible impacts of return migration in Argentina, Romania, Senegal and Ukraine. It provides preliminary insights on four questions: (1) What is the economic contribution of returnees to their households and countries? (2) To what extent are returnees better-off than non-migrants? (3) Are some sorts of migration experiences (e.g. circular, temporary or involuntary migration) more influential on the well-being of migrants and their families? (4) Does migration benefit more those from humble families or from wealthy origin?
Working Paper 14: Preparation of Survey Tools for Merged Dataset
by AMPARO GONZÁLEZ FERRER AND INMACULADA SERRANO SANGUILINDA
Abstract: This document summarizes and explains all the preparatory tools designed and developed in the TEMPER project in order to: 1) draft the questionnaires of the Origin Surveys, 2) guarantee the maximum comparability of these questionnaires with previous surveys on return and circulation issues, 3) maximize the possibilities to merge the data resulting from our Origin Surveys, but also from pre-existent surveys on returnees from our countries of interest, with data on immigrants in our countries of destination in the EU, which allow to examine the main drivers of return migration over the recent period for our chosen immigrant groups. Namely, we present in detail the Bank of Questions from Pre-Existent Surveys on Return and Circulation, and the Repository of Pre-Existent Datasets on Immigrants in EU destination countries, and carefully expose the multiple issues to be solved to achieve full comparability: different target populations, different wording of questions, different response categories, different time points of reference, etc. Finally, the document also includes an extended review of the results presented during the “International Workshop on Methodological Challenges for the Study of Return and Circular Migration”, celebrated in Madrid in January 2015.
Working Paper 15: TEMPER Origin Surveys’ Questionnaires
by AMPARO GONZÁLEZ FERRER AND INMACULADA SERRANO SANGUILINDA
Abstract: This document consists of the two final questionnaires which will be used to apply the TEMPER Origin surveys. These surveys will be conducted in selected countries of origin (Argentina, Romania, Senegal, Ukraine) with (1) migrants returned from selected destination countries, and (2) persons without migratory experience (‘nonmigrants’). Two separate questionnaires have been produced for each of these subsamples: a Returnee Questionnaire, and a Non-migrant Questionnaire. The questionnaires include the contents of the survey proper (questions and answers); basic instructions for the interviewers; and instructions for the programming of the electronic questionnaire (CAPI). Besides the two questionnaires that were originally planned for this deliverable, we are additionally providing the questionnaire manual. This manual contains more detailed instructions and descriptions of the questionnaire contents and it will be used to train the interviewers who will apply the survey. Several TEMPER teams and team members have also contributed to the design and drafting of both questionnaires: CENEP/TEMPER team Argentina (Marcela Cerrutti, Alicia Maguid); INED/TEMPER team Senegal (Audrey Lenoel, Chris Beauchemin, Tatiana Eremenko); Ptoukha Institute/TEMPER team Ukraine (Oleksiy Pozniak, Iryna Maidanik); UB/TEMPER team Romania (Monica Serban, Dumitru Sandu, Paula Andreea Tufis, Elena Tudor, Alin Croitoru, Madalina Manea).
by AMPARO GONZÁLEZ FERRER, INMACULADA SERRANO SANGUILINDA AND ADRIEN VANDENBUNDER
Abstract: This report presents some preliminary results on the incidence and drivers of return, temporary and circular migration among returnees surveyed in Argentina, Romania, Senegal and Ukraine, the origin countries selected by the TEMPER project. The deliverable summarizes the main issues in the conceptual discussion on return, temporary and circular migration based on previous research and statistical analyses, and presents and motivates the definitions adopted in the TEMPER Origin Surveys. Next, it discusses the low incidence of different types of complex trajectories, with a focus on circular migration following the definition adopted by UNECE (2016), and summarizes the obtained results concerning wish and expectations of re-migration, and reasons behind them. Finally, results on the incidence of temporary migration and its links with different types of return (short-term, long-term, voluntary, involuntary, etc.). are presented, to conclude with a short discussion on the main possibilities and barriers for promoting temporary and circular migration among migrants in the EU.