Working Paper 10: Report on Economic Contributions of Migrants Upon Return
by AUDREY LENOËL, CRIS BEAUCHEMIN, MARCELA CERRUTTI, ALEXANDRA DELIU, TETIANA HNATYUK, ALICIA MAGUID, IRYNA MAIDANIK, MĂDĂLINA MANEA, OLEXIY POZNIAK AND ADRIEN VANDENBUNDER
Abstract: Based on data from the TEMPER surveys conducted in 2017-2018 in Argentina, Romania, Senegal and Ukraine, this report provides descriptive analyses of a series of outcomes referring to the economic contributions of return migrants, compared to non-migrants in the four countries. It presents successively results about the respondents’ remitting behaviour during last migration, the appraisal of their household financial situation at the time of survey (and at the time of return for migrants), the different types of investments (businesses, lands and real estate properties) realised by both returnees and non-migrants, and the activity status of the respondents’ partners at different time points.
Working Paper 11: Report on the Economic Integration of Return Migrants
by OGNJEN OBUĆINA, CRIS BEAUCHEMIN, MARCELA CERRUTTI, ALEXANDRA DELIU, OLEKSII HAVRYLIUK, AUDREY LENOËL, ALICIA MAGUID, IRYNA MAIDANIK, MĂDĂLINA MANEA, OLEXIY POZNIAK, MONICA ŞERBAN VIKTOR TELESHMAN, PAULA TUFIŞ AND ADRIEN VANDENBUNDER
Abstract: Our analysis shows that, looking at our four countries, the patterns of reintegration are very complex, varying not only across countries of origin, but also across migration corridors within the same country of origin. However, there are also some consistent findings. For instance, we find in all the four countries that the average job-skill level among returnees improves after return from Europe. The differences between return migrants and non-migrants in terms of employment range from trivial to modest. When analyzing employees, we can conclude that labor market outcomes are almost the same for returnees and non-migrants in Argentina, better for returnees in Senegal, and slightly more favorable for non-migrants in Romania and Ukraine. Returnees in Senegal are the only group in the TEMPER survey for which we can observe a relatively high propensity to engage in entrepreneurship following the return. The employment rate is higher among male returnees, but the concentration of high skilled jobs is higher among women.
by AUDREY LENOËL, MARCELA CERRUTTI, ALIN CROITORU, TETIANA HNATYUK ALICIA MAGUID, MĂDĂLINA MANEA,IRYNA MAIDANIK, OLEXIY POZNIAK, MONICA ŞERBAN AND ADRIEN VANDENBUNDER
Abstract: Based on data from the TEMPER surveys conducted in 2017-2018 in Argentina, Romania, Senegal and Ukraine, this report provides descriptive analyses of a series of outcomes referring to the non-economic effects of migration and return. It presents results comparing return migrants to non-migrants with respect to satisfaction with life and (further) migratory plans, perception of opportunities, quality of services and corruption in the country of origin and in Europe, attitudes about migration and return. It also provides results for returnees only, regarding their sense of belonging to their country of origin and last country of destination, and their subjective appraisal of the effect of their return on their family life and ability to address schooling and health needs of their kin.
Working Paper 13: Comparative Report on the Impacts of Circular and Non-Circular Migration
by CRIS BEAUCHEMIN, AUDREY LENOËL, OGNJEN OBUĆINA AND ADRIEN VANDENBUNDER
Abstract: The aim of this report is to present a comparative view on the possible impacts of return migration in Argentina, Romania, Senegal and Ukraine. It provides preliminary insights on four questions: (1) What is the economic contribution of returnees to their households and countries? (2) To what extent are returnees better-off than non-migrants? (3) Are some sorts of migration experiences (e.g. circular, temporary or involuntary migration) more influential on the well-being of migrants and their families? (4) Does migration benefit more those from humble families or from wealthy origin?